Kyphosis is a type of spinal deformity of which many people are unaware. It usually involves a lateral deformity that is noticed from a side view of the patient. It may come to light when a patient complains of difficulty standing upright and/or worries about falling forward. Sometimes patients may have difficulty in gazing along a horizontal plane and seeing what is in front of them.

Like lumbar disc degeneration, patients may be genetically predisposed to kyphosis, which may manifest itself in one’s teenage years. Kyphosis, related to spina bifida, may also be congenital. It is sometimes the result of progressive disc degeneration, but can also be caused by a trauma, fracture or a previous surgery.

Kyphosis is corrected surgically to rebalance the patient’s spine, and the surgical procedure is usually lengthy. The surgery is preceded by an MRI and CT scan and may be followed by blood transfusions and ICU monitoring. Full recovery usually takes from six to twelve months.