Spinal deformity occurs when the curves of the spine differ from the normal, gentle S-shape seen from the side, or the straight line down the back of a normal spine. Spinal deformities may lead to symptoms that include pain, weakness, numbness, tingling, loss of function, and pulmonary and cardiac problems.
A few types of spinal deformities that can be successfully treated with spinal surgery are scoliosis, kyphosis, and spondylolisthesis.
Scoliosis is a spinal deformity that results in a side-to-side curve, most commonly found in the mid-back, or thoracic region. A scoliosis curve of the spine can be seen from the back and can lead to a deformity in the rib cage as well as the spine. When it develops early in life for no know reason it is known as Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis.
Kyphosis is an exaggerated forward curvature of the spine. The word kyphosis is from the Greek kyphos, which means hump, and the condition is also known as humpback, round back, or dowager’s hump.
Spondylolisthesis is a condition in which one of the vertebrae (bones) in the spine slips out of the proper position onto the vertebra below it, putting pressure on the disc and a nerve.