Artificial disc replacement (ADR), also referred to as TDR (total disc replacement) is used to correct pain, tingling, and loss of mobility resulting from a degenerative or herniated disc.
The main premise of TDR in the cervical spine is preserving natural motion in the cervical spine and minimizing or avoiding adjacent-segment degeneration. Additionally, several clinical studies have demonstrated a decreased chance of reoperation. At the present time, total cervical disc replacement has emerged as a “gold standard” for the treatment of a number of degenerative spine disorders. TDR is used in addition to anterior cervical discectomy and fusion, and in some cases, the same patient will undergo total cervical disc replacement at one level and anterior cervical discectomy and fusion at another level to create a so-called hybrid construct.